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1 How can I purge metals from my HPLC system using EDTA?

In LC-MS, metal ions can be responsible for distorted analyte peak shapes via chelating. If you determine that this is the cause of a peak issue, here is what you can do to eliminate metals from the system…

2 How can I separate phenylephrine HCl, acetaminophen, and dextromethorphan?

The Cogent Phenyl Hydride™ would be recommended for these compounds because of the dextromethorphan. It has a strong tendency to tail on most columns but the Phenyl Hydride™ column and can produce…

3 How do I calculate assay of lisinopril dihydrate based on the anhydrous form?

When you weigh your reference standard and use the mass in the assay calculations of your formulation, you must correct for the water since the reference standard is the di-hydrate form. You know the…

4 How do I choose a suitable mobile phase additive for Negative Ionization mode when using LC-MS?

For negative ionization we usually use: · Solvent A: 10 mM ammonium formate or acetate in DI water · Solvent B: 90% acetonitrile/10% DI water (v/v) /10 mM ammonium formate or acetate Solvent B has to…

5 How do I choose an appropriate guard column for my method using Cogent TYPE-C HPLC columns?

Two sizes of guard columns are available: 2.0 and 4.0 mm internal diameter (ID). Both sizes are 20mm in length and are used with a guard column holder. The 2.0mm ID guard columns are for use with the…

6 How do I choose an appropriate re-equilibration time in gradient HPLC and LCMS methods?

When using gradient methods in HPLC or LCMS, the mobile phase and column must be allowed to equilibrate back to its inital conditions before starting the next run in order to ensure consistent chromatography.…

7 How do I condition Diamond Hydride columns when I use them for serum samples?

For serum (and other biological samples) we recommend using: Solvent A: 50% DI water/50% methanol (or 2-propanol) + 0.1% formic acid (for positive mode) or +10 mM ammonium acetate or formate (for negative…

8 How do I determine concentration of an impurity in HPLC and LCMS when I know the relative response factor (RRF)?

The concentration can be calculated once you have values for the following two equations: Response Factor (RF) = Peak Area / Concentration Relative Response Factor (RRF) = RFimpurity / RFAPI You can use…

9 How do I measure signal-to-noise ratio in an HPLC chromatogram?

The best way is to zoom in on the peak of interest using your data analysis software so that the baseline near the peak is also visible as well. Depending on how sharp or narrow your peak is, you'll want…

10 How to Calibrate UV-vis and HPLC Detectors with NIST Traceable Solutions Below 230nm

Holmium Oxide is an internationally recognized wavelength calibration primary standard, supported by NIST and other standards organizations. It provides 14 official absorbance bands ranging from 241 nm…

11 How to change HPLC columns from Reversed Phase to Normal Phase mode and vice versa.

To start work in normal phase mode, a simple switching procedure is recommended. A simple 30 minute procedure allows switching from one mode to another. Procedure: A – moving from Reverse Phase to Normal…

12 How to choose a Cogent HPLC column for an application.

The first thing to consider is the chemical structures of the analytes in your sample and the corresponding most suitable retention mode for them. For reversed phase, the general order of stationary phase…

13 How to clean sparging stones and inline SS filters.

Inlet stainless steel filters or sparging stones can be cleaned by ultra-sonication in 30% phosphoric acid, clean afterwards with DI water (ultra-sonication) and Methanol (ultra-sonication). Same would…

14 How To Condition 47mm Nylon Membranes for Use with the Mobile Phase Filter Degasser...

Filter membranes with smaller pores sizes such as 0.45µm have higher bubble points (the differential pressure required to draw air through a wet membrane). The bubble point is a function of the pore…

15 How to Condition CE100-SA Controlled & Zero EOF Capillaries For CE

Capillary Conditioning Procedure: Never Use Strong Bases on these Capillaries Carefully remove the capillary from the shipping/storage container. Remove protective polyimide coating by using 98% fuming…

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